Building the roof of a house is one of the most important work. A roof of a house is much more than just the decorative top. A roof is built to prevent sunlight and rain, it also helps to drain water away from a structure, and provides insulation that helps keep the interior of a building warm or cool, depending on the season. Roof building is not a small and easy work to do. Perfect measurement and planning are needed to make a perfect roof.
Before you take any step you have to make a listing of all the necessary products and utensils you need. Also make a blueprint or drawing of that roof as well. It will help you to move with working properly. Once you have all the things you need to make a roof, its time now to start the making.
At the very first you have to make a frame with trusses. Design the frames and keep them angled from every side. As the roof size and style is going to be as per your choice so choose a roof which will match with your house. If you want your house having a little place under roof, then just design it that way. But make sure it doesn’t look weird. Make the frame strong as possible as you can. Because it is going hold the roof. Thus you will be assured that the roof above your head is trusted and will never fall by itself. After that, fit the frame with the body of your building. You can do that with the help of some people. But its safe to use a crane. Thus your frame will be safe as well as the workers.
After the frame is installed, You now have to install the sub trusses keeping the measured distance from each other.You have to use hardwood for rood making. Because nobody would like to see their roof cracking and falling upon them. you have to cover that up with wood or metal. Using metal can make the roof heavy. Then underlayment part comes. This part is just because it will waterproof your roof and keep the inside dry.
Similar to the underlayment, the roof cover is installed from the bottom up. Like sheathing. Like underlayment, they should also overlap. So when it rains the water drains away. There are many types of roof cover. Most people use small pieces which looks good and sticks with one another. This thing helps to drain the water away. and add a gutter to move all the water in the place you want.
If you follow all the steps above you will be able to build a roof which is beautiful as well as strong and waterproof. Be conscious while you are building the roof. Because a single mistake will ruin the whole plan. Noone would like to open all the parts again to recover whats left. So just be sure that you have followed all the instructions above.
If you own a house and have some space left in your yard, then you might have thought of making a deck. A lot of things may have stopped you like expenses and time. Well, it’s not an expensive and long-term work anymore. Now you can build a deck for your house by yourself. You just need to get a pencil and paper to start off.
At first, measure the place and pick a suitable size to make the deck. Tour deck should be looking like a part of your house, so make sure that the size is not too large or too small. After all, you don’t want to have a weird deck beside your house. So it’s better to be conscious from the beginning. After you are done with measurement make a list of materials you need to build the deck. An expert will always advise you to choose the best material. So you should justify between materials and products before you purchase them. Materials relative to deck building are plain wood, concrete deck piers, gravel, water seal, paint and other small stuff.
Start the work by placing deck footings. Decks lower to the ground looks more beautiful than the usual ones. Place the footings by keeping a measured distance from each other. You have to make sure that all the footings are on the same level. Because an unleveled footing can damage your platform. After you have placed your footings now you should start to cut and ley your joists. It is a better idea to measure before you cut each joist. Each of the joists should have the similar size and try not to keep any difference. You should spray some grass or weed killer before you make the platform. It won’t look good to see grass or weed coming up through the deck.
After that plain all your woods if you haven’t bought plain woods. It looks beautiful to have a platform which has a plain and smooth finishing. Once you are done with that waterproof the bottom of your deck planks. Since you are not using special decking wood you have to keep your wood safe from water. Either all the woods will suck water and that will help to make the platform slippery.
If you are done with waterproofing you should now start to lay your decking planks. Screw the planks, but make sure that you are not using too screws. That will make it look bad. You should take the help of a second person to get a hand and also finish the work sooner. At last add wood at the end of your deck to give it a finishing look.
When you are finished with that, go back to every screw and check if they are screwed tight enough to stick the planks together. Give a little sand and level the screw similar to the platform. Then just get the paint and give it a Color that suits your house. It would be better if you don’t use totally different color from each other. Keep the color related, so that it matches with the house and looks perfect. Now, wait for the paint to get dry. Now you can place your furniture or other stuff you want to decorate the deck with.
If a person follows the steps it would be both money and time-saving way to build up your deck easily. So it doesn’t seem like you need to hire an architecture and contractor to build up a deck. You can just do that by yourself following the directions above.
Majority of the people who live in areas with regular snowfall, use salt as an affordable means of removing ice from their driveways or hire a snow plow truck. However effective salt is in this process, its damage to the ecosystem cannot be ignored as it can lead to:
Build up of excess salt which could be harmful to the soil
Inability of plants to absorb moisture and also nutrients
Salt may percolate heavy metals that may get into water sources. These metals are a great health hazard.
Salt tends to attract animals which will come in the sidewalks to lick it and they may be accidentally hit by an oncoming vehicle.
Salt is harmful to pets especially when it gets into the paws as it could burn them.
To avoid these dangers brought about by the use of salt in de-icing, here are some more friendly ways you can use to de-ice the driveway:
Scoop the snow; this is best done immediately the snow ceases to fall. This will ensure that the snow does not stick as a result of being trodden upon by people walking on it.
Use an electrically powered snow blower; a snow blower that uses electricity is more environment-friendly as it will not produce a lot of noise pollution and will be safe for use even by those with back pain. Do not use the gas-powered models as they will produce a lot of air and too much noise as well.
Use a snow melting mat; this is the use of electric wires that are installed below the driveway to radiate heat. Though this is an expensive method to install, it does not consume a lot of electricity and would therefore not be difficult to maintain. It is not advisable to destroy a good driveway in order to install a snow-melting system unless it is damaged and requires repair.
Get control; this can be achieved by scattering sand or birdseed on the driveway. This will ensure you are stable as you walk or drive on an icy surface. It is vital to note that sand will not aid in melting the ice and you will have to find another way to get rid of it.
Use of hot water; whenever a section of the driveway has a stubborn ice, pouring hot water on the area will help to loosen up the ice. You can then use a shovel to scoop out the loosened snow.
Removing the ice early enough before the sun rises; you can rise up early and work on the ice using a shovel before people walk on it as this will make it compacted. When the sun rises, it will also aid in removing the ice that remains in the driveway after you have scooped out most of it in the morning.
Get a good snow blower; to avoid having to pay a professional to assist you in shoveling the drive, buy your own snow blower. You will be able to choose the right model for you according to the intensity of the snowfall in your area of residence. You can also make some income out of the blower if you help your neighbors to defrost their driveway too.
You do not have to rely on salt though it is cheap to use in removing ice. The harm that comes out of using salt to the plants, pets, and the driveway itself is enough reason to invest in a method that will be safe and efficient as well. If you are constructing a new driveway, ensure that you invest in a melting mat to heat up the pavement. This will save you the cost of removing the ice manually as well as save the time you would have spent removing the ice. Choose the method which best suits you according to the intensity of the ice and the economic consideration as well.